Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a strange disease. It causes weak bones that break easily, but there is no clear steps for diagnosis and treatment of the same. This makes t disease very difficult to spot and even more difficult to treat.
OI is also known as brittle bone disease as person affected with it experience their bones breaking for no known reason. OI can also lead to other health issues like weak muscles, brittle teeth, and hearing loss.
OI is basically a gene issue, it happens when one of several genes in the body is not working properly. Genes are the carriers of hereditary or family information. Every person inherits two copies of genes at birth, one set from each parent. Most of the kids inherit the faulty gene from one parent, some get it from both ends. Even in cases where the kid inherits healthy genes, it could start causing problems after the child is conceived.
Symptoms of Osteogenesis Imperfecta
All people affected with OI will have brittle bones. OI can range from mild to severe and symptoms vary from person to person. Some of the common symptoms are malformed bones, Short or small body frame, loose joints, weak muscles, discolouration of Sclera (whites of the eyes), triangular shaped face, barrel-shaped rib case, curved spine, brittle teeth, hearing loss and breathing problems.
Strangest thing is that there is no single test that can diagnose OI. Doctors usually look at family history, medical history, results from a physical examination and X-rays to reach a conclusion.
Since OI cannot have a cure, it is better to get the symptoms managed. Extra care ned to be taken for broken bones and brittle teeth. Physiotherapy, exercises like swimming, water therapy or walking, maintaining a healthy weight through balanced diet, staying away from smoking, alcohol and caffeine, not taking steroid medicines are some other ways to manage symptoms.
With proper care and guidance, children and adults with OI can stay active, make their bones denser and keep muscles strong.