Knee is one of the most important part of human body, as it is essentially linked to free movement. Any difficulty or ailment affecting the knee can lead to upsetting the natural rhythm of life. Deterioration of the health of knee joint and surrounding tissues can effect even the basic daily life.
This is where we start thinking about knee replacement surgery. Across the world, knee replacement is treated as the sure shot treatment for issues like osteoarthritis. The success rate is 90 per cent, says studies. Knee replacement can be either total or partial.
Total Knee Replacement means putting a metal cover or thighbone and a plastic encasing for shinbone. The damaged bone is replaced with prosthesis. Whereas in partial knee replacement, only the damaged part of the knee is replaced through smaller incision. The extent of the surgery required is decided by the surgeon on the basis of the condition of the patient’s knee.
Risks and Complications in Knee Replacement
With the advancement of technology, knee replacements are considered extremely safe. Only few patients develop complications after these surgeries today. The most common complication is infection. Even that is reported in less than 2 per cent of patients who underwent surgery. Other complications expected during a knee replacement surgery are post-surgery infection, blood clots, any defects with the implant, or persistent pain in the area where surgery is held. All these are cited as very rare occurrences in the modern medical environment.
Across the world, new and more sophisticated technologies are being added to the knee replacement surgery. Treatment related to faulty knees or ailments like osteo arthritis is now made simple and well within the reach of common man. The difficulties induced by the modern lifestyle has made it critical for the modern medical world to evolve treatment protocols that address a wider audience than a select few.
More than just making the treatment accessible for all, the technology ensured that the implants last longer than they used to in the past. It is noted that on an average 90 per cent of the replacement joints remain functional for almost 10 years from the day of surgery, provided the patient sticks to the exercise regimes and lifestyle measures suggested.