Knee is vital for ensuring free mobility. Any pain or ache could lead to great discomfort. Knee replacement is not always the first choice for many. Specialist in knee replacement will advise to go for a knee arthroscopy to gauge the extend of the damage before going for an open surgery.
What is Knee Arthroscopy?
It is one of the most advanced diagnostic steps available. This involves keyhole surgical method, where high definition surgical cameras and precision tools are inserted to the knee’s articular cavity using very minute incisions on the skin.
Knee Arthroscopy employs a sophisticated digital camera which will help the surgeon to have a better view of the knee’s inside. Once the extent of damage is assessed, the surgeon has the option of proceeding with other procedures like removing torn cartilages or reconstruction of damaged ligaments. These shall be done through separate small incisions.
When to do Knee Arthroscopy?
A knee arthroscopy is called for by two main reasons. One is for diagnostic purposes. It will help the surgeon to spot the real condition of torn anterior or posterior cruciate ligaments, torn meniscus (the cartilage between the bones in the knee), patella which is out of position, pieces of torn and loose cartilage in the joint, fractures in the knee bones or even specific cases like removal of a Baker’s cyst.
The second reason for opting knee arthroscopy is that the corrective measures can be done along with the diagnosis itself, thus saving time and effort.
How safe is Knee Arthroscopy?
This method is proven to be the most effective treatment, which is minimally invasive, for symptoms such as catching, locking, swelling or persistent pain in a localized area of the knee. Most of the procedures last for just one or two hours. In majority of cases, staying back in the hospital for the day is not called for. A follow up exercise regimen along with consultation of a physiotherapist should bring back normal life to you almost immediately after a knee arthroscopy.
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