It is always good to know about the bone density. Because, even if the bone mass is not low enough to be diagnosed as osteoporosis, it could be low to be listed as osteopenia.
Most often, examinations showed that low bone mass is caused by more than one factors or a combination of them. The leading causes for low bone mass are hereditary reasons, slow or lesser development of bone mass during the youth, medical conditions leading to abnormally accelerated bone loss and any specific medication leading to that condition.
While not everyone who has low bone mass stand the chance to develop osteoporosis, people with low reading are at higher risk of the same and resulting fractures.
Although not everyone who has low bone mass will develop osteoporosis, everyone with low bone mass is at higher risk for the disease and the resulting fractures. So it is highly recommended to consult an orthopedic surgeon and get the test done regularly to keep track of bone density.
When to do a bone intensity test?
It is recommended that all women over age 65 should ideally get bone density tests done. International research agencies put all those who take glucocorticoid medications for 2 months or more in the high risk category for an osteoporosis-related fracture.
There are no universal yardsticks though as to when is it ideal for women and men to get BMD test done. So, osteoporosis is best diagnosed at individual level.
According to the World Health Organisation standards, a person with a score of less than 2.5 suffers from osteoporosis and further down the score goes, the intensity of illness increases. Consult a doctor to get the exact treatment, be it preventive or corrective, to be adapted for the case.
Doctor might suggest healthy living habits, like increasing the intake of calcium and Vitamin D or recommend weight-bearing exercise such as walking, jogging, or dancing. In extreme cases, doctors might also prescribe medication.