Stress is back on physical activities with summer vacations almost here. With academic life going for a break, it is only expected for the games and sports to resume in full steam. With that comes the threat of sports injuries. So this is the right time to know more about sports injuries and learn how to prevent them.
Majority of sports injuries are strains and sprains, caused by stress on ligaments. These ligaments are the flexible bands that connect bones in a joint. Unexpected twists or turns or even too much of exertion can stretch ligaments beyond their limits and they get deformed or torn. Stress can also cause injuries to muscle fibers or tendons, which anchor muscles to bones.
The most common sports injuries are the Ankle sprain, Groin pull, Hamstring strain, Shin splints, Knee injuries ACL tear and Patellofemoral syndrome and Tennis elbow. Patellofemoral syndrome is the injury caused by repetitive movement of kneecap against thigh bone.
How to prevent sports injury
It is almost impossible to prevent sports injuries. But the chances of getting injured during sports can be reduced by being aware about one’s own body and the limits to which body can be stressed.
It is essential to know the basic design of ligaments and muscle tendons. They are like springs, which gets elongated under stress, but returns to normal length when rested. The key is not to stress it beyond its capability or normal range.
Also important in sports is to condition the body to face the physical stress. The first step is to start with a warm-up. The warm-up session will increase the blood circulation to the muscles, making them more flexible and less susceptible to injuries.
Keep playing only up to the limit the body feels comfortable. The more stress body is subjected to the more damage is done to the muscles. Work the relevant muscles for the sports you intend to play in a pre-game session so that the stress on these muscles will be much lesser.
Finally, know when to stop. One should stop when fatigue sets in. The message that body gives you is simple, you stop now and rest, you can play another game next day. If you continue stressing the body, you may have to expect a longer break.